Contsruction of the wall started in 122, during the rule of emperor Hadrian. It was the first of two walls built across the north of England (the second wall cimmonly know as Antonine). The wall was the most heavily fortified border in the Empire. The wall was 80 Roman miles (73.5 statute miles or 117 kilometres) long, its width and height dependent on the construction materials which were available nearby. It was completed in around 6 years by 3 Roman legions. Hadrian's Wall was declared a World Heritage Site in 1987.
Vercovicium (or Housesteads Roman Fort) was an auxiliary fort built in stone around AD 124. The construction of the fort is unusual as that its northern wall forms part Hadrian's wall and protrudes into barbarian land. The fort has no running water supply and so relied upon rainwater collection.
Housesteads Roman Fort is famous for having one of the best-preserved stone latrines in Roman Britain (below).
>> Take a virtual tour of Housestead Roman Fort <<
Vindolanda was occupied by the Roman army a around AD 85. The area is famous for the Vindolanda tablets, which are considered some of the most important finds of military and private correspondence (written on wooden tablets) found anywhere in the Roman Empire.
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