Stonehenge

  • Period: Neolithic (Erected between 3,000 BC and 1,600 BC)
  • Type: Henge & Ditch
  • Address: Wiltshire
  • OS Grid Ref:

Probably the most famous ancient site in the UK, stonehenge seen today is the final of several stages, that was completed about 3500 years ago (the penultimate phase is contemporary with the Seahenge site in Norfolk). To construct the monument, a number of the stones were carried hundreds of miles over land and sea, such as the sarsen stones that may have come from a quarry, around 40 kilometres (25 miles) north of Stonehenge on the Marlborough Downs and the Bluestones from the Preseli Hills 250 kilometres (160 miles) away in Pembrokeshire, Wales. Antlers and bones were used to dig the pits that hold the stones.

Archaeologist believe that Stonehenge once stood as a complete monument, however no one can be sure as around half of the stones that should be present are missing. Evidence found in 2008, also indicates that Stonehenge was used for burials as early as 3000 BC, when the initial ditch and bank were first dug. Burials continued at Stonehenge for at least another 500 years.

 

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